Arts of Europe: Fascinating Facts about European Performing Arts and Movements

By Kudrat Sekhon

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Europe is known for all kinds of art forms that evolved over a period of time. Years of practice have led the practitioners of the following art forms to make them world-famous and relevant to date.

From paintings to performances, European artists have left no stone unturned when it comes to entertaining people and making history.

Leonardo da Vinci, Sir Laurence Oliver, Antonio Banderas, Pablo Picasso, and Claude Monet are some of the most famous artists who have framed the history of Europe.

The point to remember here is that all the art forms mentioned below have stood the test of time. Even today, making the best oil paintings requires immense patience. Therefore, becoming an artist needs pure dedication and emotional resilience.

Here are 6 most famous art forms of Europe that are super cool and super famous:

1.Renaissance Painting:

Renaissance Painting


Oil paintings have always been liked by everyone. From kids to adults, an oil painting has its charm. They are carriers of history and also tell a lot about our ancestor’s keen eye for detail. Leonardo Da Vinci’s Mona Lisa is the most iconic painting in the world. In many instances, the subject was taken from mythological figures and placed next to earthly figures.

2.Baroque Sculptures:

Baroque Sculptures

Baroque sculptures captivate the viewer’s attention as they are emotionally charged. These paintings were super realistic as the primary focus was on facial expressions. Baroque sculptures also have the same qualities. The fine lines on figures create hyper-realistic humans and vividly convey emotions.

3.Pottery and Ceramics:

Pottery and Ceramics
Greece is very famous for ceramic artifacts. The four major styles are Corinthian, geometric, red figure, and black figure. Athens, at one point, was the center of pottery. To add some more visual interest, painters used to paint these pots for extra detailing:


An art form that needs immense dedication is ballet. The movements of the artists are controlled, graceful, and very smooth. Collectively dancing with impeccable coordination creates a beautiful spectacle for the audience. The main highlighting factor is the dancer twirling on their toes. This French art form came into existence 300 years ago.


Another form of performing arts, opera, is a dramatic way of performing a narrative. Dance, music, and drama are all performed together by expert performers who aim to arouse the emotions of their audience. This performing art form arouses emotions. Powerful vocal performances, elaborate stage decorations, and well-organized orchestrations create a powerful narrative. The origin can be traced to Italy and is almost 400 years old.

6.Abstract Art:

Abstract Art

Abstract art forms have various variations. For instance, it is called Rayonism in Moscow, De Stijl in the Netherlands, Cubism in Paris, and Bauhaus in Munich. Clean lines and contrasting colors were preferred over floral prints. Such artworks stimulate imagination and challenge traditional norms.


From performing arts to hand-painted portraits, European art forms have captivated the world’s attention. With attention to detail being the unique selling point, European artists are revered all over the world. The social circumstances of an artist are reflected in these works. Therefore, not only are these paintings a reflection of the artist’s personality but are also keepers of history.